Infectious diseases that are spread from one partner to the other during sexual intercourse these are known as as sexually transmitted diseases, or by their very popular anagram, STDs. STDs can affect anybody within the sphere of sexual population; hence it can be declared that all STDs are global complications. Some of the very common STDs that are influencing the world population today are syphilis, gonorrhea, genital herpes, Chlamydia infection, hepatitis A, hepatitis B and AIDS.
STDs are mainly carried due to penetrative sexual intercourse, i. e. when the man inserts his male organ into the vagina of the female. But most of the STDs can also pass on during other types of sexual activities like oral sex and anal sex. The microorganisms causing these diseases could be infections, bacteria or fungi and they can generally live in most of the body fluids. The chances of sexually transmitted diseases are extremely high when a person has sexual intercourse with many partners, or has sexual intercourse with a person who has many partners. The majority of STDs can be prevented by using a condom during any kind of sexual contact with an individual of unknown sexual history.
Since there are many STDs, there are also many symptoms. Syphilis, which is also known as the French illness is diagnosable by the presence of button-sized warts called chancres close to the genital area. These chancres could also develop on the anus and in the particular throat region. Gonorrhea is commonly referred to as clap or the drip disease. With a gonorrheal infection, a person will have continuous mucus-like discharge from the penis or from the vulva. In people with genital herpes, there are blister-like ulcers developed around the genitals. With almost all STDs, there are urinary problems.
Prevention of STDs is mostly through abstinence. Of all the sexually transmitted diseases in human beings, only two of them – hepatitis A and hepatitis B – are preventable by vaccination, but the others aren’t. The best way of avoiding them is then to limit the number of sexual partners, and to have sexual intercourse only with people whose sexual history is properly known about. Utilizing a condom is also a good option, but if the condom is used in the wrong method, then it may lead to an infection. Also, condoms are not guaranteed protection. Condoms can only prevent the penis from coming in contact with the skin of the other partner; however it cannot prevent the rest of the genital region from coming into contact. Syphilis sores which are present all around the genital area can be transmitted even after using a condom.
Once a person is sexually infected, it is very necessary that he/she end all sexual activity. It is a moral responsibility of any person to check the additional spread of the STD. Also the person must make it amply clear in order to his/her spouse that he/she is really a victim of the infection. All STDs except AIDS are treatable as well as the treatment is much more effective if it is started at an early stage.
Treatment of STDs adopts several different ways depending on that is the cause of infection. In conditions like genital herpes, where there is no cure, the infection may last throughout the lifestyle of the person. Alarmingly, this illness is found among about half a million in the US alone. Chlamydia is another issue that needs constant screening to prevent from becoming an epidemic. Doctors surreptitiously verify teens for such infections. Circumstances like hepatitis A and hepatitis B are thought to be self-resolving with little medication.
One bigger concern with the particular sexually transmitted diseases is the many complications they can cause. Most of the STDs can cause impotence in men and infertility in women. Men could suffer from erectile dysfunctions, while both men and women can suffer from pain during urination and/or many abnormalities in the flow or urine. Add to that, there could be severe itchiness, pain, tenderness and blisters for the affected area. This could indeed make life miserable for the person so long as the STD lasts.
Hepatitis The and hepatitis B can cause serious liver problems in the long run.
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There could be cirrhosis of the liver, or liver cancer, both of which are fatal problems. AIDS is the most dangerous of all sex-related infections. It has no treatment yet, and the only option with this condition is death.
Sexually transmitted diseases are found more commonly among the sexually teenager population of the developed countries. This particular population is generally ignorant about the effects of unsafe sex, and therefore indulges in it till it is too late. With age comes experience, and hence STDs are found to a lesser extent within the older population. Tourists are responsible for holding STDs from one part of the globe to the other, and so also people who visit commercial sex workers are very much accountable.
Only proper education may control the problem of STDs. Government authorities of various nations are taking serious steps in eradicating the problem. School syllabi contain references of such diseases, and condoms are being freely distributed by non-profit institutions to vulnerable populations.